Copyright protects the author and the publisher for “original works of authorship.” While copyright does not protect facts, ideas, inventions, systems or methods of operation, it may protect the way in which such things are expressed.The transfer of ownership of a copyright to a publisher prevents the author from future use of the work except as defined below.

Authors transfer copyright to the publisher as part of a journal publishing agreement, but authors have the right to:

  • Share their article for Personal Use, Internal Nondigital Instructional Use and Scholarly Sharing purposes
  • Retain patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights (including research data).
  • Proper attribution and credit for the published work.

Project Innovation retains the rights to:

  • publish and distribute an article, and to grant rights to others, including for commercial purposes.
  • provide the article in all forms and media so the article can be used on the latest technology even after publication.
  • enforce the rights in the article, on behalf of an author, against third parties, for example in the case of plagiarism or copyright infringement.